FAUNA

Ruby-throated Hummingbird by Tim Zador

Ruby-throated Hummingbird by Tim Zador

Birds

216 species of birds have been documented at Bucktoe Creek Preserve, making the property one of the most speciose birding locations in Chester County, PA and the surrounding region. Surveys of the property are conducted on a weekly basis during guided Sunday morning bird walks that are open to the public. To see a complete list of species observed on the property, or to get more in-depth data about birds at Bucktoe Creek Preserve, check out the hotspot in eBird by clicking here.

Flora


For a complete list of trees, shrubs, woody vines, forbs, grasses, sedges, rushes, and ferns on the property, please reference the following downloadable PDF: Bucktoe Creek Preserve Botanical List.

To view more images of flora at Bucktoe Creek Preserve, please click here, or on one of the photos below:

Buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis) by William Ryan

Buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis) by William Ryan

Sanguinaria canadensis (bloodroot)

Sanguinaria canadensis (bloodroot)

White Milkweed

White Milkweed

Red Oak in Mature Woodland by Lori Ryan

Red Oak in Mature Woodland by Lori Ryan

Within its widely varied habitat, Bucktoe Creek Preserve contains woodlands that have been designated as Class I, the highest conservation value in local assessments. Kennett Township is currently experiencing an unprecedented rate of population growth and development, which has led to the threat of deforestation even in our most vital and sensitive woodlands. Out of six designated Class I Woodlands in the area, the woodlands in the Bucktoe Creek Preserve are ranked #1, and are considered the highest priority for conservation due to their biodiversity, water resources, contiguity, and age. The Preserve’s woodlands contain over 20 specimen trees, approximated to be over 100 years old, and designated for preservation by Kennett Township. These trees include black gum, butternut, black locust, tulip-poplar, black cherry, black walnut, red maple, ash, oak, white oak, swamp white oak, northern red oak, catalpa, and pin oak.

Meadow at Bucktoe Creek Preserve

Meadow at Bucktoe Creek Preserve

Bucktoe Creek Preserve also contains unusually rich meadow-wetland complexes, with meadows designated as Class I, the highest conservation value. In 2013, 283 botanical species were recorded in the meadow, with only 27% alien species (lower than the usual 35%). The meadow has a high diversity of shrubs, including a number of hawthorn species, American plum (Prunus americana), strawberry bush (Euonymus americanus, a PA species of concern), maleberry (Lyonia ligustrina), and red chokeberry (Aronia arbutafolia). It also contains a dense patch of tussock sedge, possible bog turtle habitat. The meadow is just over one mile from the Delaware border as the crow flies, and approximately 2.5 miles as the Red Clay Creek flows. It contains a number of species that are uncommon in the area, are generally indicators of high-quality habitat, and/or are ranked in Pennsylvania or Delaware, including:

  • Calamagrostis canadensis—bluejoint—DE S1
  • Campanula aparinoides—marsh bellflower—DE S2
  • Carex atlantica—prickly bog sedge
  • Carex conoidea—openfield sedge—DE S1.1
  • Carex granularis—limestone meadow sedge—DE S3
  • Carex squarrosa—squarrose sedge—DE S3
  • Carex trichocarpa—hairyfruit sedge—DE S2
  • Cirsium horridulum—yellow thistle—PA Endangered
  • Cirsium pumilum—field thistle—DE S3
  • Endodeca serpentaria—Virginia snakeroot—DE S3
  • Gentiana andrewsii—closed bottle gentian—DE S1.1
  • Iris versicolor—blue flag
  • Isoetes spp. —quillwort
  • Lilium canadense—Canada lily—DE S2
  • Oxypolis rigidoior—stiff cowbane—PA Threatened
  • Phlox maculata—spotted phlox—DE S1
  • Plantanthera lacera—ragged fringed orchis
  • Rhynchospera capitellata—brown beakrush
  • Spiranthes cernua—nodding ladies’ tresses
  • Trillium cernuum—nodding trillium—PA Threatened
  • Woodwardia areolata—netted chain fern—PA Threatened

(DE Assignment of Ranks, prioritized in order of importance: S1, extremely rare; S2, very rare; S3, rare to uncommon)